1. First, be conservative
For mild to moderate symptoms of cubital tunnel syndrome, conservative treatment options may be recommended as a first line of defense. The first step to relieve the symptoms is rest and activity modification. People must avoid activities that worsen symptoms or put pressure on the ulnar nerve, such as leaning on the elbow for extended periods. Next, the healthcare provider may also recommend immobilizing and splinting the affected area. Wearing a splint or brace to keep the elbow in a neutral position and reduce pressure on the ulnar nerve can help. The last conservative option is physical therapy (PT), where patients are advised to engage in exercises and stretches to strengthen the muscles around the elbow and improve nerve mobility.
2. Medications for pain management
In addition to conservative treatments, medications may also be used to manage the symptoms of cubital tunnel syndrome. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. These medicines can be used with conservative treatments to provide further relief. Some doctors may recommend stronger medication like opioids, which are used in specific circumstances. Due to the risks associated with excess opioid use, this must be done under medical supervision.
3. Is surgery an option?
If conservative treatments and medications fail to provide adequate relief, surgical intervention may be considered to treat cubital tunnel syndrome. Surgical options for cubital tunnel syndrome include simple in situ decompression, medial epicondylectomy, and various anterior transposition techniques. Simple surgical ulnar nerve release is a well-established treatment option for symptomatic cubital tunnel syndrome. Research has shown that simple in situ decompression is as effective as other surgical techniques, with the added advantage of limited dissection and less nerve devascularization. Medial epicondylectomy, on the other hand, involves removing a portion of the medial epicondyle to relieve pressure on the ulnar nerve. Lastly, anterior transposition techniques involve moving the ulnar nerve to a new position to alleviate compression and reduce symptoms. The choice of procedure depends on various factors, including the severity of symptoms, patient preference, and surgeon expertise.
Prompt diagnosis matters
In treating cubital tunnel syndrome, prompt diagnosis can significantly improve outcomes. When cubital tunnel syndrome is identified early, conservative measures and non-surgical treatments may be sufficient to alleviate symptoms and prevent further progression. However, if left untreated, cubital tunnel syndrome can lead to more severe symptoms and require surgical intervention. Early intervention is key in the management of cubital tunnel syndrome. Not only can this help prevent the need for surgery, but treatment can also lead to better long-term outcomes and improved quality of life for patients.